By Cristian Frers
Environmental problems related to economic and social development have been increasingly taken into account for some time. The main solution to environmental problems is environmental education at all levels and sectors of society.
Environmental problems related to economic and social development have been increasingly taken into account for some time. The current production system is taking us to a critical situation from which it is not easy to get out.
Nothing seems to be more difficult than changing the modes of behavior of a society when the prevailing style of development is deeply rooted; The solution is to consider a revaluation of changes in behavior, in the attitude of the way of life, which translates into revising the values, symbols and ideologies, and this will give new guidelines for ways of life.
So far the solutions have come from the hand of technological changes, the enactment of stricter regulations, the imposition of taxes on those who pollute or subsidies for those who make products that are friendly to the environment.
All these measures have been relatively successful, the truth is that the environmental situation of the planet is getting worse and more irreversible.
In my opinion, the main solution to environmental problems is environmental education at all levels and sectors of society. Since this education is precisely oriented to teach how natural environments work and in particular how human beings can control ecosystems to live in a sustainable way, minimizing degradation, air, water or soil pollution, and threats to survival of other species of plants and animals. The objectives of environmental education should be based on:
1) Consider the environment, in an integral way, that is, the natural and the built, not only the natural aspects, but the technological, social, economic, political, moral, cultural, historical and aesthetic.
2) Assume an interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of the environmental dimension, which is inspired by the specific content of each discipline to enable a balanced perspective.
3) Treating environmental issues from the particular to the general is intended for students to form an idea of the environmental conditions of other areas, to identify the conditions that prevail in different geographical and political regions, in addition to reflecting on the global dimensions of the environmental problem so that social subjects are involved in the different levels of participation and responsibility.
4) Promote the knowledge, the ability to solve problems, the classification of values, the investigation and the evaluation of situations, in students in training, whose special interest is environmental awareness to learn about their own community.
5) Empower students to play a role in planning their learning experiences and give them the opportunity to make decisions and accept their consequences.
To achieve this, both formal and non-formal learning spaces must be created that promote the construction of knowledge and that allow the resolution of daily problems. To conserve, you have to know, understand and question.
Various natural and social processes converge in environmental problems, which is why their complexity cannot be understood without the active participation of different fields of knowledge.
In short, environmental education is an integral, systematic and permanent process of information, training and formal, non-formal and informal training, based on respect for all forms of life, by which people, individually and collectively, become aware and take responsibility for the environment and its resources, through the acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and motivations that help them understand the complex interrelationships of the ecological, economic, social, political, cultural, ethical and aesthetic aspects that intervene in the environment , as well as participating and mobilizing in order to solve and prevent their present and future problems, within a process of sustainable development, oriented towards coexistence in harmony and balance with nature, for the benefit of current and future generations.
What is the role that environmental education and environmental educators play in preserving the environment and improving the well-being conditions of the community?
The simple fact of walking through the countryside and having contact with nature shows us the existing relationship of man with it; when we observe a crop, a stream, a forest, a garden, a lake; When we move around in a car, on a bicycle, on a motorcycle, on a cart or on a horse, we are in front of our environment, that is, environment. But the great reality is that all harmony is a function of the human being and it is this, in the end, the least required in nature to maintain a biological balance, as well as being the cause of environmental degradation and rupture.
The human being with all his intelligence, as part of the natural environment, is able to know and transform a world at will and possibilities; But there is a question that amazes me every day and makes me wonder: Are we really building a habitable world, full of pure air, pleasant smells, fascinating colors, varied forms and ecotourism for those who live there, where it can be share with harmony, affection and pleasure?
From this perspective, it is extremely important that the environmental educator, in a dynamic way, organize their school activities in common agreement with their students, allowing them to know, manage and practice both their rights and their duties, which they have with their classmates and with themselves.
Promoting an education for sustainable and sustainable development means considering the formation of a whole human being, capable of recognizing himself as part of the natural world and of relating harmoniously with it. It means forming subjects with civic awareness, critical and reflective; capable of relating in a different way with nature, with others, with knowledge; with the ability to understand, explain and criticize their reality.
Argentina needs people capable of relating to others, respecting plurality and also with the potential to seek and create paths. In short, subjects with the possibility of going beyond the imposed limits. Society - nature relationships must be analyzed from the very beginning of humanity and sustainability, which refers to the use of resources without compromising availability for future generations, must be considered.
* Senior Technician in Environmental Management and Senior Technician in Social Communication